Ignition enhancement by addition of NO and NO2 from a N2/O2 plasma torch in a supersonic flow
Kenichi Takita, Naoyuki Abe, Goro Masuya, Yiguang Ju
Published 14 August 2006
The effects of NO and NO2 produced by using a plasma jet (PJ) of a N2/O2 mixture on ignition of hydrogen, methane, and ethylene in a supersonic airflow were experimentally and numerically investigated. Numerical analysis of ignition delay time showed that the addition of a small amount of NO or NO2 drastically reduced ignition delay times of hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuels at a relatively low initial temperature. In particular, NO and NO2 were more effective than O radicals for ignition of a CH4/air mixture at 1200 K or lower. These ignition enhancement effects were examined by including the low temperature chemistry. Ignition tests by a N2/O2 PJ in a supersonic flow (M = 1.7) for using hydrogen, methane, and ethylene injected downstream of the PJ were conducted. The results showed that the ignitability of the N2/O2 PJ is affected by the composition of the feedstock and that pure O2 is not the optimum condition for downstream fuel injection. This result of ignition tests with downstream fuel injection demonstrated a significant difference in ignition characteristics of the PJ from the ignition tests with upstream fuel injection.